~ In the sense of Global Awareness, Copyright, Fair Use & Legal Compliance vary by country but each share the same foundations ~

Copyright is the exclusive legal right, given to an originator or an assignee to print, publish, perform, film, or record literary, artistic, or musical material, and to authorize others to do the same. Copyright relates to global awareness because of the constantly changing laws and treaties being accepted on the global level having to do with the protection of foreign works, and the rights of the author. More countries should join international conventions and treaties such as the Berne Convention, because it would increase the awareness of copyright on the global level, and retain a more sophisticated level of credit to foreign authors.[1]

There is no "international copyright", mostly because the requirements and laws based around copyright change depending on the country. The acceptance of a copyright from a different country will also depend on your location. Some countries have loose laws regarding foreign copyrights, but some are more strict. In few countries, copyright offices allow some sort of protection of foreign works although the author may not have a copyright in that country. While on the contrary, a number of countries offer little to no protection for foreign works. If an author already owns the right to such work in the United States, but plans on marketing or publishing outside the U.S., he/she should apply for a copyright in that designated country.[2]

There are several global treaties and conventions in place, which regulate the works of foreign authors on an international level. The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, the Universal Copyright Convention, and the Word Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) are just some treaties/conventions in place to protect those same rights to work and copyright from foreign locations.
WIPO Copyright Treaty
International Copyright

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The current map of countries that are under certain copyright conventions and laws.

Fair Use:
Fair use is the most significant limitation on the copyright holder's rights. Deciding whether the use of a work is fair is not a science. There are no guidelines that are universally accepted.Written by SantiagoR_SFMS_B. http://www.umuc.edu/library/libhow/copyright.cfm

There is no such convention or set of laws addressing the topic of international fair use. Fair use and legal compliance will vary depending on which country you are currently situated in. A set of fair use standard in the U.S. can be seen here. In most countries, works can be accessed by users as long as proper citation of the source is given. For authors that are paranoid about their work being stolen, it would be to their advantage to study the fair use laws of other countries and ensure that their work will not be stolen by anyone in this country because of their policies.

In the United States, authors tend to use the system of Creative Commons to protect their work. The advantage of this system is also that users can have different abilities on how to manipulate the work. Some pieces may give users the right to change the work but still be under the category of non-commercial (cannot be sold).[3] Implementation of a universal set of copyright and fair use laws throughout the world should have some invested interest by some corporations such as the UN. Authors and publishers would see it fit that they felt more comfortable knowing that the policies they write by are shared by other countries as well.

Format of how a MLA citation should be formatted.

Section Citations
Follow the [[@helps/Citations|current standard method f[4] or citing sources.

Copyright- a kind of licensing one prefers for work depending upon the context. Many people think that if you “copy and paste” information off the web and include the URL or domain name you're not plagiarizing. You are. If you don’t have permission from the author, owner or the USPTO (United States Patent and Trademark Office), you could be plagiarizing without even realizing it. To copyright anything as your own, it must be a tangible and original declaration. Meaning, that you cannot copyright a performance, presentation or lecture if there is no proof that it had happened like recording it on a voice recorder or a video recording. To register a copyright, you must contact the “Copyright Office” and present them with proof of your presentation that you want copyrighted. They then will have to approve of your copyright and then the information, presentation and performance belongs to you.
If you wanted to use copyrighted information for a presentation or performance, there are steps you need to take to use the information. You must always credit the information and if you know the owner, get permission from them. Permission is only required when you want to use the owner’s material when you want. You don’t want to forget to credit someone and be caught; even if it is purely accidental. Students are allowed to incorporate some copyrighted information when doing a project that is based off of the information, that’s is why you need a bibliography.


Bellis, Mary. "What Is a Copyright?" Ask.com. Web. 13 Nov. 2012. <http://inventors.about.com/od/copyrights101basicsfaq/f/copyrights.htm>.

"Copyright and Fair Use." UMUC Library. Web. 13 Nov. 2012. <http://www.umuc.edu/library/libhow/copyright.cfm>.

Age group: 4th through 7th graders.

"U.S. Copyright Office - International Copyright."
U.S. Copyright Office - International Copyright. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2012. <http://www.copyright.gov/fls/fl100.html>.

"Summary of the WIPO Copyright Treaty (WCT) (1996)."
Treaties and Contracting Parties: WIPO Copyright Treaty (WCT)//. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2012. <http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/ip/wct/summary_wct.html>.

You must always credit the information and if you know the owner, get online permission from them. Make sure when you are writing a research paper to credit the information through a bibliography ALWAYS to be sure you never plagiarize!!!

  1. ^ U.S. Copyright Office. "International Copyright." U.S. Copyright Office - International Copyright. U.S. Copyright Office, Nov. 2009. Web. 06 Nov. 2012<http://www.copyright.gov/fls/fl100.html>.
  2. ^ United States Copyright Office. "Internation Copyright Realations of the United States." Copyright. U.S. Copyright Office, n.d. Web. <http://www.copyright.gov/circs/circ38a.pdf>.
  3. ^ Travers, Jan. "IGI Global Fair Use Guidelines for Author." Roger Clark. IGI Global, June 2008. Web. 5 Nov. 2012. <http://www.rogerclarke.com/EC/IGI%20Fair%20Use%20Policy.pdf>.
  4. ^ ]]
    Type the content of your reference here.
    "Fair Use Guidelines."
    Fair Use Guidelines//. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Nov. 2012. <http://www.dartmouth.edu/copyright/guidelines/>.